Intracellular receptor and steroid hormone

Intracellular receptors are receptors located inside the cell rather than on its cell membrane . Classic hormones that use intracellular receptors include thyroid and steroid hormones. Examples are the class of nuclear receptors located in the cell nucleus and cytoplasm and the IP 3 receptor located on the endoplasmic reticulum . The ligands that bind to them are usually intracellular second messengers like inositol trisphosphate (IP 3 ) and extracellular lipophilic hormones like steroid hormones . Some intracrine peptide hormones also have intracellular receptors.

A receptor which is capable of producing a biological response in the absence of a bound ligand is said to display "constitutive activity". [6] The constitutive activity of a receptor may be blocked by an inverse agonist . The anti-obesity drugs rimonabant and taranabant are inverse agonists at the cannabinoid CB1 receptor and though they produced significant weight loss, both were withdrawn owing to a high incidence of depression and anxiety, which are believed to relate to the inhibition of the constitutive activity of the cannabinoid receptor.

Intracellular receptor and steroid hormone

intracellular receptor and steroid hormone

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